# What is a Parallel Circuit?

## Parallel Circuit

Basically a parallel circuit is one in which the components are directly connected to each other. Each component in a parallel circuit operates at the same voltage as the source. In other words, the voltage across different components in a parallel circuit is the same. [ Vt = V1 = V2 = V3…= Vn ]. And in this circuit two or more paths are available for current flow. The number of current paths is equal to the number of parallel elements. And two or more paths are available for current flow in this circuit. The number of current paths is equal to the number of parallel elements. In a parallel circuit the current is varied and mixed. [ To = I1 + I2 + I3…+In]. In a resistive parallel circuit, the total resistance is less than any of the individual resistances. [ Rt = 1 / (1/R1 + 1/R2+ . . . 1/Rn) ]. In an inductive parallel circuit, the total inductance is less than any individual inductance. [ Lt = 1 / (1/L1 + 1/L2+ . . . 1/Ln)]. and capacitive parallel circuits, the total capacitance is equal to the sum of the individual capacitances. [ Ct =  C1 + C2 + C3…+Cn ]. Basically  electrical component should never be placed in a parallel circuit if it has a voltage rating less than the source voltage. And  components in a parallel circuit operate independently of one another. In case of a break or short circuit at any point of the circuit, the rest of the circuit would still work. this circuit is used in most of the household electrical wiring installations. We can switch on or off any light or appliances without affecting others. Basically an electrical component should never be placed in a parallel circuit if its voltage rating is lower than the source voltage. And the components in a parallel circuit work independently of each other. If a break or short circuit occurs at any point in the circuit, the rest of the circuit will still function. This circuit is used in most household electrical wiring installations. We can turn on or off any light or equipment without affecting others.